Research Article

EFFECTIVENESS OF PSYCHOEDUCATION REGARDING ANXIETY REDUCTION AMONG CAREGIVERS OF CANCER PATIENTS: A PRE-EXPERIMENTAL STUDY

DR. M. BHAGYALAKSHMI, P. SRAVANI, DR. S. HEMALATHA


Abstract:

AIM: The study aimed to determine the effectiveness of psychoeducation regarding anxiety reduction among caregivers of cancer patients admitted in radiation oncology wards and to associate the post-test level of anxiety with their selected demographic variables. DESIGN AND SETTING: Pre-experimental study, one group pretest-post-test design was used. The study was conducted in the Radiation Oncology Wards at SVIMS, Tirupati. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 60 caregivers of cancer patients were recruited by using convenience sampling technique. A structured questionnaire for socio-demographic data was used. Anxiety was measured by the Beck Anxiety Inventory. RESULTS: Decrease in Beck Anxiety scores after psychoeducation was significant (p=0.00). Level of education, Occupation and Area of residence were associated with post-test Beck Anxiety scores at p<0.01 level. Family income per month and Quality of life were associated with post-test Beck Anxiety scores at p<0.05 level. CONCLUSION: Evidence from this investigation revealed the psychoeducation offered will help the caregivers to alleviate care giving burden and enhance coping abilities. Thus, the enhanced coping abilities will reduce their anxiety which helps them to improve their quality of life, which in turn helps them to provide the best possible care to the patient.

Keyword:

Anxiety, Anxiety reduction, Psychoeducation, Caregivers, Cancer patients, Radiation oncology